HAZRAT UMME SALAMAH
So far as scholarship and learning is concerned Hazrat Umm Salamah (radi alaho anha) was only next to Hazrat Ayesha Siddiqa (radi alaho anha). The author of Isaba pays tribute to the lady in the following words: “Hazrat Umm Salamah possessed physical charms and was endowed with a high degree of brain power, perception, insight and adjudication.”
She was very keen and anxious to learn traditions and she had quoted a number of traditions on the authority of her first husband Abu Salamah, Hazrat Fatimah and the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him).
Maulana Shah Alt Anwar writes in ‘Ad Durratui Baiza’, “One day while she was busy getting her locks set, the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) approached the Pulpit to deliver his sermon. The Holy Prophet hardly uttered the word ‘0, People’ when she asked her maid-servant to stop setting her hair, so that she may hear the speech of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him).
Her knowledge about religion was clear and authentic. Once Hazrat Abu Hurairah told some body that fasting under Janabat (the condition of having intercourse with wife or an emission on a night during Ramadhan) was not proper. This man wanted to confirm this from Hazrat Ayesha (radi alaho anha) and Hazrat Umme Salamah (radi alaho anha). Both the ladies not only contradicted the idea but also asserted that the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) had himself fasted while under Janabat’. (Bukhari Sharif)
Hazrat Abdullah Bin Zubair used to offer two rakats of prayer after Asr Prayers. He told Marwan that he was doing this on the authority of Hazrat Ayesha (radi alaho anha). Marwan went to the lady who said that she got it from Hazrat Umme Salamah (radi alaho anha). When an enquiry was made from Hazrat Umme-Salamah (radi alaho anha) she said “Allah may forgive (Hazrat) Ayeshah, she had misunderstood me in this connection. I had told her that the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) had prohibited offering of these prayers.” (Musnad-ibn-Hanbal)
Mahmood bin Labeed said that although all the revered wives of the Holy Prophet had memorised the Traditions yet Hazrat Ayeshah (radi alaho anha) and Hazrat Umme Salamah had no parallel in this respect tabaqat).
Allama Ibn-i-Qaiyyim asserted that if all the religious edicts, issued by Hazrat Umm Salamah (radi alaho anha) were compiled they would form a fairly big treatise. (AaIam-al-Muqaeen)
Imamul Haramain said that Hazrat Umm Salamah (radi alaho anha) was the most judicious-minded woman with a sound judgement. (Zarqani)
It is said that Hazrat Umm Salamah (radi alaho anha). recited the Holy Quran, identical to the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him). (Musnad Ahmad).
As much as 378 traditions are attributed to her and as such she stands in the third category of the traditionist companions. She was an independent Jurist (Mujtahid). A great number of persons learnt traditions from her and their list is fairly long.
Hazrat Umm Salamah (radi alaho anha) lead an ascetic and pious life. Once she was putting a gold necklace around her neck, when the Holy Prophet saw it, he objected to the same, and spontaneously she removed it. (Musnad Ahmad).
‘Ayat Tatheer’ was revealed to the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) while he was in the house of Hazrat Umm Salamah (radi alaho anha). According to this verse the Holy Prophet sent for his daughter Hazrat Fatimah and her sons Hasan and Husain, and spreading a blanket over them prayed to Allah that He may purify them, as they were the members of his family (Able Bait). Hazrat Umm Salamah (radi alaho anha). enquired the Holy Prophet if she too was included with them. The Holy Prophet answered that she had her own place and was well placed. (Tirmizi)
Hazrat Umm Salamah (radi alaho anha). -was very generous and used to insist upon others to be so. One day Hazrat Abdur Rahman Auf said to her, ‘Mother! I have accumulated so much wealth, that l fear some trouble due to the same.” She replied son! spend it.” (Musnad Ahmad)
She intensely loved the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him). She had preserved some hair of the Holy Prophet which she used to display as a sacred relic, after the Holy Prophet departed from this world