ISLAM SPREADS TO MADINAH
Islam was now spreading very swiftly. The Ansaar who lived in Madinah were idol worshippers, but because they associated with the Jews and the Christians, they heard of the coming of the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). The Jews, who said that they would join with the Final Messenger and destroy the idols and idol worshippers, often threatened the two tribes of the Ansaar, namely the Aus and Khazraj. In the eleventh year after announcement of Nabuiwat, the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) as always went for Hajj. He went to Mina to invite people towards Islam. In Mina, near a valley called Aqaba, the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) met six Ansaar men from Madina. He asked their names and the names of their forefathers. He then recited few verses of the Holy Quran to them. This recitation inspired them deeply. Each one looked at the other and said, Verily he is the Final Messenger concerning whom the Jews and Christians have always spoken. Let us thus accept Islam before they do.All six of them thus accepted Islam. The names of those six personalities who first accepted Islam from Madinah are as follows:
1. Hazrat Abul Hasheem bin Tihaan (radi Allahu anhu)
2. Hazrat Abu Amaama As'ad bin Zararah (radi Allahu anhu)
3. Hazrat Auf bin Haarith (radi Allahu anhu)
4. Hazrat Raaf'i bin Maalik (radi Allahu anhu)
5. Hazrat Qutbah bin Aamir bin Hadeeda (radi Allahu anhu)
6. Hazrat Jaabir ibn Abdullah bin Riyaab (radi Allahu anhu).
[Madarijun Nabuiwat vol.2 pg.51]
BAIAT AQABA ULAA : The following year during the time of Hajj, twelve more people secretly accepted Islam in the valley of Aqaba and took the oath of allegiance at the hands of the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). This was known as Bai'at Aqaba Ulaa -The First Pledge at Aqaba. They requested the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) to send someone as a teacher with them to Madinah, so that they may learn about the laws of Islam. The Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) sent Hazrat Mus'ab bin Umair (radi Allahu anhu) as the teacher to the people of Madinah. He stayed in Madinah at the home of Hazrat Asad bin Zararah (radi Allahu anhu) and he went from house to house inviting the Ansaar to Islam and every day, one or two more persons accepted Islam. This continued until there were Muslims in almost every house up to Quba. The leader of the Aus tribe at that time was Hazrat Saad ibn Muaaz (radi Allahu anhu). He was a very brave and commanding personality. When Hazrat Musab (radi Allahu anhu) first invited him to Islam, he became very furious, but when Hazrat Musab (radi Allahu anhu) recited the verses of the Quran to him, his heart melted and he accepted Islam. With him, the entire Aus tribe also accepted Islam.
It was in the same year, on the night of the 27th of Rajab, that the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) went for Meraj (Journey into the Heavens) both with body and soul. It was during this journey, that the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) brought from the Court of Allah, the Gift of Namaaz. [Madarijun Nabuiwat vol.1 pg.316]
BAIAT AQABA THAANIYA : In the 13th year after the announcement of Nabuiwat, during the occasion of Hajj, another 72 people from Madinah discreetly accepted Islam at Aqaba and took the oath of allegiance at the hands of the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). This was known as the Bai'at Aqaba Thaaniya – The second Pledge at Aqaba. These 72 Muslims invited the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) to come to Madinah with them and said that they were prepared to protect Islam and the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) with their lives. During this pledge Hazrat Abbas (radi Allahu anhu), the uncle of the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) who had not as yet accepted Islam, was also present. When he heard the words of the people of Madinah, he said,
Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is very respected and loved in his family, The Banu Hashim. We have always put our lives on the line to assist him and protect him. If you have the intention of taking him with you to your city, then you too should be prepared to stand by him until your death. If so, then all is well. If not, then you should step aside right now.
On hearing this, Hazrat Barra ibn Ghaazib (radi Allahu anhu) said, We have grown up in the midst of swords. Hazrat Barra (radi Allahu anhu) was still talking when Hazrat Abul Hasheem (radi Allahu anhu) stepped in and said,
Ya Rasoolallah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam)! We have an old relationship with the Jews. Now that we have become Muslims, it is obvious that this relationship will be broken. We do not want that when Almighty Allah blesses you with victory, then you should leave us alone and return to Makkah.
On hearing this, the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) smiled and said,
You should be reassured that your blood is my blood and you should know that my life and my passing away shall be with you. I am yours, and you are mine. Your enemy is my enemy and your friend is my friend. [Zirkani vol.1. pg.316 – Seerat-e-Mustafa pg.159 – Seerat ibn Hishaam vol.4 pg. 441/42].
When they took Baiat at the hands of the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), either Hazrat ibn Zarara (radi Allahu anhu) or Hazrat Abbas bin Nudla (radi Allahu anhu) said, Are all of you that are taking the pledge aware of what you are doing? You are now openly declaring war with the Arabs and non-Arabs.They all answered in one voice by saying,Yes, we are aware of the consequences.After the pledge was taken, the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) appointed nine members of the Khazraj and three members of the Aus as leaders upon them. [Zirkani vol.1 pg.317]