Monday | December 11, 2017

THE FIRST YEAR OF HIJRAT

                                            THE FIRST YEAR OF HIJRAT

The first thing that was done in Quba, was to build a Musjid. For this purpose, the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) preferred the land belonging to Kulthoom bin Hadm (radi Allahu anhu), where the dates of the Amr bin Auf family used to be dried out. It was here, that the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) laid the foundation of this Musjid with his blessed hands. This is the Musjid which is known as Musjid-e-Quba today. It is concerning this Musjid, that Almighty Allah says in the Holy Quran,

Verily, the Mosque whose foundation has been laid on righteousness from the very first day, is worthy that you may stand therein. Therein, are those who desire to be well purified And Allah loves those who are Pure. [Surah Tauba verse 108]

Whilst Musjid-e-Quba was being built, even the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) worked together with Sahaba-e-Kiraam carrying heavy rocks. [Wafa-ul-Wafa vol.1 pg. 180] Within fourteen or twenty four days, construction of Musjid-e-Quba. was completed. He left Quba on a Friday, to enter the actual city of Madinah. The Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) lead the first Jummah prayer on the way to Madinah at the Mosque of the Bani Saalim. It is the same mosque that is known as Musjid-e-Jummah, up to this day. Every one was pleased to see the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) come to Madinah. People stood on the roofs of their homes, and children welcomed the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) by reciting:

Ta la al Badru Alaina min Thaniyatil Wada
Wajaba shukru Alaina Ma Daa Aa lil laahi Daa

The Moon has risen above us from the Valleys of Wada
To be grateful to Allah is waajib upon us 
for as long as those who ask Dua amongst us continue to ask. 
[Zirkani vol.1 pg.359/60]

All the people of Madinah walked around the camel of the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). Many of them held on to the reigns of the camel, requesting the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) to stop at their homes. The Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said, My camel will sit where ever Allah wills.The camel stopped at the home of Hazrat Ayoob Ansari (radi Allahu anhu). His house was beside the present Musjid-e-Nabwi. Hazrat Ayoob Ansari (radi Allahu anhu) took the Prophets (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) permission and carried the belongings of the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) into his home. It is here that the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) stayed. [Madarijun Nabuiwat vol.2 pg.66]

There was no such place in Madinah, where the Muslims could read Namaaz with Jamaat (congregation). It was for this reason, that the construction of a Musjid was very important. Near the home of the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) was an orchard, which belonged to the Banu Najaar. The Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) wanted to purchase this orchard from them for the construction of the Musjid, but they said that they would take the reward for it in the hereafter and thus gave the land without taking any money. However, because the land initially belonged to two orphan children, the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) called upon them, and even both of them said that they wished it to be for the Musjid. The Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) did not prefer this, and it is for this reason that the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) paid for the land from the wealth of Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique (radi Allahu anhu). [Madarijun Nabuiwat]

It was in the same year that the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) invited people to his Walima with Bibi Aisha (radi Allahu anha). Even though the Nikah of Bibi Aisha (radi Allahu anha) had taken place with Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) before Hijrat, she only came to the Prophet’s (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) house one year after Hijrat. The Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) made walima with a dish of milk. [Madarijun Nabuiwat].

After the Musjid-e-Nabwi (Mosque of the Prophet) had been constructed, there was no method to gather the people for the specified times in Jamaat. The Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) took the opinions of the Sahaba-e-Kiraam on this issue. Some of them said that fires should be lit to show the time of Salaah whilst others thought that a conch (shell) should be blown to summon people for Namaaz. The Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) did not like these as they were methods of the unbelievers. Hazrat Umar Farouk (radi Allahu anhu) suggested that people should be sent into Muslims areas to announce the times of Namaaz. This was preferred by the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) and he commanded Hazrat Bilal (radi Allahu anhu) to call people towards Salaah. Thus, the five times Namaaz used to be announced with the words As Salaatul Jaamia.

A Sahabi of the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), Hazrat Abdullah bin Zaid Al Ansari (radi Allahu anhu) had a dream in which he heard the words of present day Azaan being called out. The Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), Hazrat Umar and other Sahaba-e-Kiraam had similar dreams. The Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said that the dream was guidance from Allah as to how the Azaan should be called. The Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) asked Hazrat Abdullah bin Zaid (radi Allahu anhu) to teach Hazrat Bilal (radi Allahu anhu) the words of Azaan as he had a much louder voice. [Zirkani vol.1 pg.376]

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